- The Corded Ware individual from Germany shows a close relationship to the Yamnaya individual from the North Caspian region, but no relationship to the two Neolithic farmers from Central Europe, NE1 and Stuttgart, supporting the idea that the Corded Ware Culture was introduced into Central Europe by migrants from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe. - The Srubnaya individual from the North Caspian shares a lot of cM with the Corded Ware individual, and also shows a stronger relationship to other ancient Central Europeans than to the Yamnaya individual buried only kilometers away, suggesting that the Srubnaya Culture was introduced to the Pontic-Caspian Steppe from Central Europe or surrounds. - The closer relationship between the Yamnaya individual and the Late Bronze Age Hungarian, BR2, than between the latter and the Corded Ware individual, gels with archaeological data showing that Yamnaya groups moved into the Carpathian Basin via the Balkans. - Weak segment sharing between the Yamnaya individual and Kotias, a Mesolithic Caucasus hunter-gatherer (CHG) from western Georgia, suggests that the Yamnaya population did not receive its CHG admixture from the southwestern Caucasus. - Elevated segment sharing between BR2 and present-day speakers of Baltic and Slavic languages suggests that BR2, or his close relatives, contributed genealogically in a significant way to the Balto-Slavic expansions that affected most of East Central and Eastern Europe during the Iron Age and early Medieval period.The ancient DNA data used in my experiment came from the following studies: Gamba, C. et al. Genome flux and stasis in a five millennium transect of European prehistory. Nat. Commun. 5:5257 doi:10.1038/ncomms6257 (2014).
Haak et al., Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe, Nature, Advance online publication, doi:10.1038/nature14317
Jones, E. R. et al. Upper palaeolithic genomes reveal deep roots of modern eurasians. Nat. Commun. 6:8912 doi: 10.1038/ncomms9912 (2015).
Lazaridis et al., Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans, Nature, 513, 409–413 (18 September 2014), doi:10.1038/nature13673
Mathieson et al., Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians, Nature, 528, 499–503 (24 December 2015), doi:10.1038/nature16152