Friday, November 25, 2016
First news of Hunnic and Botai aDNA
According to this Kazakh press report, remains from an elite Hunnic burial in what is now Hungary belonged to Y-chromosome haplogroup L and mitochondrial (mtDNA) haplogroup D4j12. КАЗАХСТАНСКИЙ ДНК-ПРОЕКТ These markers are extremely rare in modern-day Europeans, including Hungarians. Indeed, mtDNA D is fairly common in Central Asian groups with high levels of East Eurasian admixture, while Y-hg L peaks in frequency in South Central Asia. However, the latter was found in three Chalcolithic individuals from the Areni-1 cave complex in Armenia (see here), so it may have been more common in and around Europe in ancient times. The article also mentions that a sample from an Botai culture burial in present-day Kazakhstan belonged to mtDNA K1b2. This marker is today found at low but appreciable frequencies throughout Northern and Eastern Europe. One of the Samara Srubnaya samples from Mathieson et al. 2015 belonged to K1b2a. Unfortunately, as per the article, the Y-hg of the Botai individual remains a mystery, due to a lack of supplies and funding. Perhaps the Reich Lab or GeoGenetics can help out?