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Friday, January 11, 2013

Lots of ancient Y-DNA from China

Jilin University recently published an ancient DNA study on Chinese Y-chromosomes. It features 119 samples from 13 archaeological sites in northern China. That's quite impressive considering that aDNA is extremely difficult to extract from Y-chromosomes. A paper from 2010 on the Tarim Basin or Xiaohe mummies listed seven R1a1a results, while here we have 11, plus a K*. So it looks like at least some of these are from newly tested Tarim Basin samples.

Niuheliang, Hongshan Culture, 5000 YBP, 4 N, 1 C*, 1 O
Halahaigou, Hongshan-Xiaoheyan Culture, 4500 YBP, all N
Dadianzi, Lower Xiajiadian Culture, 3600 YBP, 3 N, 2 O3
Dashanqian, Upper Xiajiadian Culture, 3000 YBP, 1 C, 3 N1c, 1 N, 2 O3-M117, 2 O3-M324
Jinggouzi, 2500 YBP, all C

Xiaohe, Xinjiang, 3500-4000 YBP, 11 R1a1a, 1 K*
Tianshan Beilu, Hami, Xinjiang, 3300-4000 YBP, 5 N, 1 C
Heigouliang, Xinjiang, 2000 YBP, 6 Q1a*, 4 Q1b, 2 Q
Pengyang, Ningxia, 2500 YBP, all Q1a1-M120
Taojiazhai, Qinghai, 1500 YBP, all O3-M324

Miaozigou, Central-South Inner Mongolia, Yangshao Culture, 5500 YBP, all N
Sanguan site, Yu County, Hebei, Lower Xiajiadian Culture, 3400-3800 YBP, all O3
Hengbei site, Jiang County, Shanxi, 2800-3000 YBP, 9 Q1a1, 2 O2a-M95, 1 N, 4 O3a2-P201, 2 O3, 4 O*

See also...

European admixture in ancient East Asians (two-rooted canines carried by early Indo-Europeans to China)